The Safety of Bio Facilities
Laboratories dealing with pathogens and recombinant DNA (bio facilities) are likely to be a source of biohazards causing infection with residents living around them because they discharge pathogens and recombinant DNA (collectively referred to as "pathogens etc.h thereafter) outside the facilities through exhaust air, waste water, escaped experimental animals, waste, etc. Although a variety of ways for containment of pathogens etc. are adopted to prevent such a danger, pathogens etc. cannot be trapped or sterilized 100% by any of these ways including HEPA filters. Also human error by laboratory workers cannot be avoided and is likely to cause secondary infections. In addition, if fires or earthquakes occur, a large amount of pathogens etc. will be released, causing great disasters. Therefore, measures in case of emergencies must be provided and facilities must be designed and constructed with strong resistance to earthquakes so that such disasters will not happen. Nevertheless, pathogens etc. are daily discharged from facilities. Accordingly, managers of bio facilities need to perform continuous monitoring of pathogens etc. as well as disclose information on the escape of pathogens etc. to local residents, providing opportunities for communicating with them.